Europe is one of the most intensively used areas in the world. 80% of the area is destined for urbanization, transport infrastructure, agricultural and forestry production systems and industrial areas, according to data from the European Environment Agency.
Some 30% of the European Union territory is highly fragmented, affecting the connectivity and health of ecosystems and their ability to provide viable habitats for species. In addition, the increase in urbanization also has an impact on people’s well-being, since the affordability of green neighborhoods is decreasing, while the impact of climate change, noise and pollution particles is increasing. In addition to this there are excessive demands and time pressure, as well as the loss of a close connection with nature.
Biodiversity-oriented design of business premises (BOP) is a pragmatic approach to contribute to the protection of biodiversity. Biodiversity-oriented measures, such as flower meadows, hedges, green roofs and water bodies, provide important permanent or temporary habitats for local fauna and flora and help to build a network of habitats, biotope corridors and green infrastructure. In addition, biodiversity-oriented sites offer employees and guests a place to recreate.
In terms of function, biodiversity-oriented company sites do not differ from a usual company site: the main function of the location is to facilitate economic activities that are not affected by the biodiversity-oriented design. Where it does not disrupt business operations, areas for more biodiversity and a higher quality of stay for employees arise! The Swiss Foundation Stiftung Natur & Wirtschaft calls a site biodiversity-oriented if 30% of the undeveloped area is designed according to biodiversity-oriented principles.
In the EU LIFE BooGI-BOP project seven European partners promotes biodiversity-oriented design of business and industrial premises (BOP).
Lake Constance Foundation, Institut für Lebensbezogene Architektur e. V. (Germanu), Amt der Vorarlberger Landesregierung Abteilung Umwelt- und Klimaschutz (IVe) (Austria), Ecoacsa Reserva de Biodiversidad, S.L., Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (Spain), Ekopolis Foundation (Slovakia).
LIFE Boosting Urban Green Infrastructure Through Bioidiversity-Oriented Design of Business Premises
LIFE 17 GIE/DE/000466
Programa LIFE de la Unión Europea